Kotlin For Android Developers

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Oct 1, 2018, 1:18:11 PM via Website

Kotlin For Android Developersimage
Kotlin is a new programming language from JetBrains, the maker of the world’s best IDEs. Now Kotlin supported by Google For Android.

Kotlin comes from industry, not academia. It solves problems faced by working programmers today. As an example, the type system helps you avoid null pointer exceptions. Research languages tend to not have null at all.
1. Why Kotlin

1.1 Java Interoperability

Kotlin language is inter-operable with java. It means we can user previous java project with new kotlin classes also and all java frameworks are still available. We have a one click java to kotlin converters also.

1.2 Familiar syntax

Kotlin Language syntax is very familiar to any programing language who came from OOP domine. There are some differences compare to Java such as val, var

Class Example{

val a:String= “Kosmik” //val means unmodifiable

Var i:int=1 // var means modifiable

}

Fun hellworld(){

Val str=”hello”

print(“$str World”)

}

1.3 String Interpolation

It’s as if a smarter and more readable version of Java’s String.format() built into the Kotlin language

var x=4

var y=3

print(“sum of $x and $y is ${x+y}”) //sum of 4 and 7 is 11

1.4 Open Source

It is open source under apache 2.0

1.5 Compatibility

Kotlin is fully compatible with JDK6 and kotlin applications can run on older android devices also

1.6 Performance

Kotlin application will run fast as an equal to java

1.7 Support

Kotlin is fully supported from Android Studio 3.0

1.8 Some Syntaxes
No more semicolons ;
Variable declaration is different in kotlin like var is mutable and val is immutable
Functions in kotlin (methods)
fun sum (x: Int ,y: Int): Int{

return x+y

}

when function
Now switch changed into when a condition, which is very easy to understand like below example

when (x) {

1 -> print(“x is 1”)

2 -> print(“x is 2”)

3, 4 -> print(“x is 3 or 4”)

in 5..10 -> print(“x is 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, or 10”)

else -> print(“x is out of range”)

}

6.creating a class in kotlin

val rectangle = Rectangle(5.0, 2.0) //no ‘new’ keyword required

val triangle = Triangle(3.0, 4.0, 5.0)

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